A Brief History of Radio Astronomy in the USSR: A Collection by B. A. Dogel’, Y. P. Ilyasov (auth.), S. Y. Braude, A. E.

By B. A. Dogel’, Y. P. Ilyasov (auth.), S. Y. Braude, A. E. Salomonovich, V. A. Samanian, I. S. Shklovskii, R. L. Sorochenko, V. S. Troitskii, K. I. Kellermann, B. A. Dubinskii, N. L. Kaidanovskii, N. S. Kardashev, M. M. Kobrin, A. D. Kuzmin, A. P. Molchanov

This translation of A short historical past of Radio Astronomy within the USSR makes descriptions of the antennas and instrumentation utilized in the USSR, the astronomical discoveries, in addition to attention-grabbing own backgrounds of some of the early key gamers in Soviet radio astronomy on hand within the English language for the 1st time. This ebook is a suite of memoirs recounting an engaging yet principally nonetheless darkish period of Soviet astronomy. The association of the essays is decided basically by the point while radio astronomy stories all started on the associations concerned. those contain the Lebedev actual Institute (FIAN), Gorkii kingdom collage and the affiliated Physical-Technical Institute (GIFTI), Moscow country collage Sternberg Astronomical institute (GAISH) and area study Institute (IKI), the dept of Radio Astronomy of the most Astronomical Observatory in Pulkovo (GAO), distinctive Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine (SSR), Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics of the USSR Academy of Sciences (IRE), Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Ionosphere and Radio-Wave Propagation Institute (IZMIRAN), Siberian Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Ionosphere and Radio-Wave Propagation (SibIZMIRAN), the Radio Astrophysical Observatory of the Latvian Academy of Sciences and Leningrad kingdom University.

A short historical past of Radio Astronomy within the USSR is an interesting resource of knowledge on a earlier period of medical tradition and fields of study together with the Soviet SETI actions. an individual drawn to the new heritage of technological know-how will get pleasure from analyzing this volume.

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The complete phase of the occultation was observed on November 30, 1955 and January 24, 1956. 5 cm. 6 Studies of the Radio Emission of the Sun Studies of the distribution of the radio brightness of the Sun in polar and equatorial regions carried out by Ovsyankin and Panovkin in 1955–1958 at wavelengths of 50 cm and 1 m showed that the shape of the Sun at 50 cm resembles an ellipse whose minor axis joins the two polar regions. 65 solar radii from the centre of the Sun, which is more weakly expressed in the polar regions.

By the Summer of 1954, the RT-2 radio telescope together with a cooled radiometer was ready to be sent to Novomoskovsk (in the Dnepropetrovsk region), where it was proposed to observe a solar eclipse on June 30 (a large group of researchers from the Crimean Station also took part in these observations, using radio telescopes operating at metre and decimetre wavelengths). Several days before it was to be shipped, the two-metre surface cracked as it was being mounted into the frame of the radio telescope.

I. Likhter, N. L. Kaidanovskii and A. E. Salomonovich) who had returned after demobilisation in 1946 and continued work on their pre-war topics—radio physical studies of solids and liquids—turned their attention to the new research direction that was being developed. In place of B. N. A. Dogel’ et al. Gorozhankin, who headed the Group for the Mathematical Processing of Observations (L. N. Borodovskaya, V. M. Antonova), Salomonovich was appointed as the Head of the Crimean Station, Kaidanovskii as his assistant, Vitkevich as the Head of the Alushta operation and the engineer Kovalevskii as the Head of the operation on Koshka Mountain.

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