By Gregg Henriques
Situation approximately psychology’s fragmentation isn't really new, yet there has for the prior decade been expanding demands psychologists to recognize to the prices linked to fragmentation and to look for tactics to unify the discipline.
A New Unified thought of Psychology introduces a brand new process that addresses psychology’s present theoretical and philosophical problems. the hot conception includes 4 interlocking items that jointly provide—for the 1st time—a macro-level view that clarifies the character of psychology’s difficulties and gives a transparent method to unify a few of the components of the sphere. The unified conception presents the sector of psychology with a well-defined subject material, permitting either educational psychologists could be in a position to strengthen a shared language and conceptual foundation.
From the reviews:
"...the writer takes at the super formidable problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its family members with different sciences, picking out its key theoretical rules, and resolving its numerous schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technology, animal/human, bewildering array of likely nonoverlapping theories and therapies)...He has an amazing skill to explain, study, and summarize in a number of pages giant and intricate components of study (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral types of depression.......) with out getting slowed down in learn details...I specifically loved the extra own info and anecdotes the e-book structure gave him the gap to incorporate -- e.g., improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he was once overdue getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad institution. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as element of departure particular research of what he saw as undertaking director for a scientific trial of cognitive treatment in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released document of the study...All advised, it's now not mild examining, but when you take pleasure in pondering mammoth photograph themes you can find loads of nutrients for concept here." (Dave Haaga, American collage, September 2011)
"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined through incompatible competing faculties of thought.and can't be thought of a mature technological know-how, simply because there isn't any experience during which each one new release of researchers builds upon the center analytical insights of prior generations of researchers… This ebook is written for medical and study psychologists, and therefore avoids this type of mathematical version development and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it truly is virtually most unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists give some thought to psychology to be a thought of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the thought of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. hence, Henriques takes his first target to be that of "locating" the sector ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of information with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that's studied via physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied via biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that's the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and maximum, is "Culture," studied through the social sciences. Henriques will pay particular recognition to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of data. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled by means of organic evolutionary conception, the Life-Mind junction is modeled by way of what he calls Behavioral funding conception, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled by means of what he calls Justification conception. by means of Behavioral funding conception, Henriques ability primarily the rational selection version of determination, organic and fiscal idea, even though he provides a measurement of complexity to human habit through announcing that Justification concept calls for a "rational emotional actor" that's not safely modeled in typical rational selection conception (p., 46). i'd upload that Henriques additionally contains video game conception as a part of Behavioral funding idea, just because decision-making while there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This viewpoint is simple to monetary thought. In biology, the extension of selection conception (e.g., foraging idea) to video game thought used to be pioneered by means of John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the speculation of video games (Cambridge collage Press, 1982), and now's ordinary in all of animal habit conception. In Henriques' leading edge terminology, social interactions are ruled via an "Influence Matrix," that's a part of the psychology of the person that regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional part of such interplay and avoids all video game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the function of incentives and payoffs within the collection of behaviors ruled by way of the effect Matrix… i feel Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding idea is crucial integrating thought during this ebook. If this precept on my own have been included uniformly all through learn psychology, it will supply a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified thought of Psychology is terrifically demanding, to the purpose of might be being a brand new starting for psychology as a examine discipline.” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and vital eu college, September 2011)
“Offers a suite of nested frameworks that places diversified components of mental learn and perform right into a coherent dating with one another. … it's also valuable that the e-book has very good transitions, with summaries usually reminding the readers the place they've been and waiting for the place they're going. … If i may educate a graduate-level creation to Psychology, this might be the ebook. If i may suggest one ebook to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sphere, this might be the book.” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)
From the again Cover
Following the death of the so-called grand theories provided by means of luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sector of psychology principally gave up its early aspirations to color a wide photograph of the human situation, and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slender scope. The outcome has been a proliferation of fascinating findings with out genuine means to reply to mammoth questions or to generate a shared common realizing of the human situation. This e-book seeks to alter the established order and gives up a brand new unified conception of psychology that redefines the technology and the occupation and paints a brand new photograph of human nature within the method.
A New Unified conception of Psychology
“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical mix of sweeping scope and ambitious micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this situation, any severe attempt to supply integration and cohesion inside of mental wisdom and knowing is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard isn't just severe, yet the most cogent, scholarly, subtle, superbly reasoned, in actual fact articulated, and accessibly written displays of a unified idea in psychology that i've got obvious in my 50 years within the discipline.”
Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers University
“As the sector of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous ebook represents a noble quest to supply a extensive, values-based, and medical framework which holds the ability to arrange our paintings and flow us ahead in powerful, new ways.”
Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, college of North Carolina-Charlotte
“In this very formidable e-book, Henriques makes a robust case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental learn and conception. even supposing varied readers will most probably make diversified judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold which can probably motivate psychologists to seem open air the slim confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their considering to the way to handle the total diversity of human habit and experience.”
Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY
“Concise, erudite, and useful, this e-book is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver earlier fragmented domain names of data to a consilient framework, on the way to permit multi-disciplinary discourse and medical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend a while familiarizing themselves with the ideas and proposals awarded during this seminal quantity through a number one scholar.”
Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,
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Extra info for A New Unified Theory of Psychology
The Influence Matrix integrates a wide variety of different perspectives including attachment theory, psychodynamic theory, trait theory, interpersonal psychology, and evolutionary psychology. Research will be reviewed showing how the lens afforded by the Influence Matrix can capture and explain findings, as well as provide new insights into old dilemmas. The Influence Matrix is central to understanding the unified theory because motives for social influence play a crucial role in the manner humans construct reasons for their behavior, which is the focus of the fourth and final piece of the unified theory.
Finally, many have wondered if psychology’s desire to be scientific about things like consciousness, love, and the human condition is misplaced and the field ultimately is more like philosophy and literature and thus more connected to the humanities. A related and implied question exists regarding the nature and difference between these three great branches of learning. I will be arguing in this book that although psychology is a unitary concept, it has three great branches, one of which is rightfully considered a natural science, one of which is squarely a social science, and the other is an applied social science profession that is The Nature of Justification Systems 23 more closely connected to the humanities because its mission is explicitly to effect change rather than describe it.
I was raised in a secular home. Although my father experienced a religious conversion as a young adult at a Billy Graham revival, by the time I was born and raised the light had flickered out and our family was not at all religious. For some combination of reasons I do not recall, when I was in the eighth grade riding the bus home one day, I announced publicly that I was an atheist and that I thought (ala Richard Dawkins) that God was an illusion. The reaction from my fellow bus riders was surprising enough that I recall it to this day.