Achieving Sustainable Mobility (Transport and Mobility) by Erling Holden

By Erling Holden

Sustainable mobility has turn into the hot central for delivery coverage. there were a couple of coverage makes an attempt at sustainable mobility globally, reminiscent of the improvement of extra effective traditional delivery applied sciences, the advertising of effective and reasonable public shipping platforms and the encouragement of environmental understanding. Such rules have so usually been provided as necessities for sustainable mobility that they're now taken without any consideration. yet are any of those rules fairly profitable? To what volume do they really give a contribution (or fail to give a contribution) to sustainable mobility? Why do a little guidelines prevail and others fail?Using an interdisciplinary method which brings jointly a number of theories and methodologies, this ebook exams every one of those guidelines - or hypotheses, because the writer sees them - with certain empirical investigations. It additionally argues that leisure-time trip may be integrated in any sustainable mobility regulations, because it now debts for fifty consistent with cent of all annual go back and forth distance in constructed international locations. The ebook concludes via suggesting fourteen theses of sustainable mobility for the ecu and a brand new version for destiny most sensible perform.

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These subunits are called embedded units. Thus, the research design is an embedded, single-case study. The subunits are: (c1) new, conventional technology, (c2) alternative technology, (c3) public transport system, (c4) environmental (‘green’) attitudes and (c5) land-use planning. These five8 subunits need theorizing too, which brings us to the second-level of theorizing. The theorizing of the subunits is done in the introduction to chapters 4–7. The fourth and the fifth components – linking data to propositions and criteria for interpreting the findings – represent the data analysis step.

Part I: The Foundations Chapter 2 introduces the concept ‘sustainable development’ and asks what primarily characterizes it. The answer leads to a ranking of the concept’s major characteristics: extra prima, prima and secunda characteristics (Høyer 2000). Based on three extra prima characteristics, a notion of strong sustainability and quantitative data (WWF 2004; IEA 2005; UNDP 2005), the SDA is constructed. The SDA shows that the main challenge to achieving sustainable development differs according to the country (or group of people).

For example, developed countries must reduce their per capita ecological footprints. In an increasing number of developed counties, however, inequalities between social groups are increasing. Intra-generational equity requires that differences in income (and human development) should be reduced. Thus, sustainable development within a country would require that the least affluent citizens be allowed to increase their ecological footprints. Most likely this increase would come at the expense of their more privileged countrymen.

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