Ancient Cyprus by A.S. Brown, H.W. Catling

By A.S. Brown, H.W. Catling

Revealed for the viewers and bought on the Ashmolean Museum; from the Neolithic to Medieval and later Cyprus

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From the Cesnola Collection. HI. 3331. b. Base Ring 1 bowl with wavy band in relier. Late Cypriot I. Given by Sir Leonard Woolley. (rom the Sandwith Collection. D. 0·161 IC. 86]. 25 ANCIENT CYPRUS although evidently abundant copper was available to the smiths; weapons. tools and personal ornaments were of plain design and simple technique (pl. IX). Much pottery continued to be made in the old hand-made traditions of Early and Middle Cypriot times. even though potters in neighbouring countries were almost all using the wheel; wheel-made pottery was imported in appreciable quantities.

42) used for writing Greek, but this has yet to be demonstrated satisfactorily. At much the same time. Cypriots discovered the advantages of using seals. no doubt from the same sources as they learned the value of writing. Seals had for long been in use in the Near East 10 identify ownership of property, to endorse contracts and to authorise actions in societies where only a ,-cry small group of highly privileged administrators could read and write. A number of Near Eastern cylinder seals were brought to Cyprus from early in the Late Cypriot period, and a school of Cypriot seal-cutters appeared whose work reflects.

The Middle Cypriot period does not seem to have been peaceful, to judge both from the profusion of weapons recovered from cemetery sites, and from the fortification of a number of occupation sites. Many of these fortified sites are too far from the coast to suppose that they were built for protection from sea-borne enemies, and it seems probable that the island was disunited for much of the Middle Cypriot period. One important fort which may have been first built in the Middle Cypriot period is, in fact, ncar the coast, at Nitollikla, on the south side of the Karpas peninsula.

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