Annual Review of Psychology, vol 52 2001 by Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler

By Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler

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Several studies have compared the predictive power of the theory of planned behavior with that of other models, including the information-motivation-behavioralskills model (de Witt et al 2000), the health belief model (Quine et al 1998), and the integrated waste management model (Taylor & Todd 1997). Although designed for application in specific domains, the alternative models were found to perform not much better, and sometimes worse, than the general, content-free theory of planned behavior. P1: FXY December 12, 2000 Annu.

Rev. Psychol. 52:27-58. org by Ball State University on 01/05/09. For personal use only. 36 12:44 Annual Reviews AR120-02 AJZEN characteristics they possess or desirable characteristics they do not possess. A related experiment (Ratcliff et al 1999) showed that directed thinking about the actions people could take to make studying enjoyable increased intentions to spend time studying, but directed thinking about reasons why people should find studying enjoyable did not. Other research (Levine et al 1996) also supported the proposition that thinking about the reasons for holding an attitude can distort attitudinal judgments and disrupt the attitude-behavior relation.

Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . From Intentions to Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CONCLUSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 43 46 47 Annu. Rev. Psychol. 52:27-58. org by Ball State University on 01/05/09. For personal use only. INTRODUCTION The attitude construct continues to be a major focus of theory and research in the social and behavioral sciences, as evidenced by the proliferation of articles, chapters, and books on attitude-related topics published between 1996 and 1999, the period covered in this review.

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